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9.1a Alabi, Abdurahman Kola. Adifa Community in Ilorin: Historical Notes. Self-published, c. 1990. Contains references to slaves, including treatment of slaves and children of slaves; and individual slaves, e.g., Balogun Afin. Transcript of text, accompanying notes by Ann O’Hear.
9.1b Bowen, T. J. Adventures and Missionary Labours in Several Countries in the Interior of Africa from 1849 to 1856. 2nd edition, with a new introduction by E. A. Ayandele. London: Frank Cass, 1968. Transcript features material on two elite emir’s slaves in Ilorin.
9.1c Campbell, Robert. A Pilgrimage to My Motherland: An Account of a Journey among the Egbas and Yorubas of Central Africa, in 1859‒60. New York: Thomas Hamilton, 1861. Transcript includes information on two elite emir’s slaves in Ilorin; also slave markets there, especially the Gambari market.
9.1d Clarke, William H. Travels and Explorations in Yorubaland 1854‒1858. Ed. and with an introduction by J. A. Atanda. Ibadan: Ibadan University Press, 1972. Transcript contains descriptions of visits to Ilorin, including information on two elite slaves in Ilorin, on a slave eunuch there, and on an Ilorin “slave hunt” in Efon.
9.1e Farrow, Rev. S. S. “A Visit to Ilorin.” Niger and Yoruba Notes, vol. 1 (1894): 28‒30, 37‒39. Transcript includes references to Ogunkojole, head slave of the emir (Moma, Momo) of Ilorin and himself a slaveowner; slaves for sale in “Khambari” (Gambari) Market.
9.1f Jimba, Alhaji Safi. A Short History of Ilorin. Ilorin: Jimba Book Productions Company, 1981. The author (d. 2019) was a prominent lawyer and author, and a member of the Jimba family of Ilorin, which was founded by an elite slave warrior.
9.1g Johnson, Rev. Samuel. The History of the Yorubas. First published 1921. Reprinted 1976 Lagos: C.S.S. Bookshops. A list of selected pages on which information on slavery, mostly directly related to Ilorin, especially elite slaves, can be found.
9.1h May, Daniel J. “Journey in the Yóruba and Núpe Countries in 1858.” Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, vol. 30 (1860): 212‒233. The transcript consists of extracts from a report by Daniel J. May of the Niger Expedition. The report is in the form of a letter, dated 13th November, 1858, from May to the Earl of Malmesbury. The extracts provided here contain references to Ilorin slave raiding, and references to E’shu, “a great war-chief” to the east of Ilorin. For other references to E’shu (aka Eṣu, Esu, Esubiyi of Aiyede) and for the fact that he had previously been enslaved in Ilorin, see page references in 9.1g to Samuel Johnson’s History.
9.1i Milum, John Rev. “Notes of a Journey from Lagos up the River Niger to Bida, the Capital of Nupè and Illorin in the Yoruba Country, 1879‒80.” Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society and Monthly Record of Geography, New Monthly Series, vol. 3, no. 1 (Jan. 1881): 26‒37. The transcript consists of a brief passage on slavery in Ilorin, including ownership of slaves by wealthy slaves; also slave marketing.
9.1j Olawoyin, Chief J. S. My Political Reminiscences, 1948‒1983. Ikeja: John West Publications, 1993.
9.1k Whitaker, C. S., Jr. The Politics of Tradition: Continuity and Change in Northern Nigeria 1946‒1966. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1970.
9.2 Select Bibliography of Publications related to Local Government and Land Reform in Northern Nigeria (relevant to the aftermath of slavery in the “Metropolitan Districts” around Ilorin, which are populated in large part by descendants of slaves) (alphabetical order by author)
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