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8.3c NNAK Ilorinprof 4/1/829A/1917, Ilorin Emirate Reorganisation of Districts. Notes.
Transcript of selected handwritten notes taken on material in this file. Not always the exact words of the original. Spellings of names reflect the original where possible.
para 2. letter from Elphinstone, Resident, 9 Oct 1917. no. 3013/1917
Land tenure already fully written on in my 716/13 of 6/4/13 & 474/13 of 15/3/15. . . .
[In some] cases the area forms a coadunate District eg. Lanwa district proper but in others the areas of the proprietors are small areas dotted about over the country side. There are also the pre-Filani land owners.
4. Disturbances throughout the emirate this year. Cause—the taking away of the authority of the Village Heads (VHs) by giving out 10% of the tax to the tiny farm hamlets & scattered compounds which go to form a village: There are no headmen of these hamlets & they had no right to the 10%, the giving of it was resented therefore by those compound owners who did not receive anything & the real VHs who saw . . . authority being taken away.
5. The villages are arranged according to Districts but it will be observed that not in all cases can the Sub-Districts (SDs) be completely done away with, owing to the fact that a single land proprietor has a large tract of land with several villages upon it too small to form a district.
6. McAllister amalgamated certain Districts—the amalgamations in some cases unpopular with Emir & people.
In 4 cases I request permission to do away with sub-districts by re[creating?] as districts:
Paiye --Paiye & Malete
Ajasse-Po --Ajasse & Igbadja
Lanwa --Lanwa & Ejidongari
Afon --Afon & Owode (including Ber [Berkodo?])
8. “The Administration of the Ilorin Yoruba goes hand in hand with the land question and this has proved to be the difficulty in this Province to form coadunate Districts; the rights in the land being divided between the farmer and the proprietor ie the man actually farming the land and the heirs or families of the men to whom the land was originally granted, with a few rights in the hands of the Emir.”
Akambi. Akambi District shows how difficult the grouping into Districts is; there are 6 different proprietors not counting the Kakara. It may be possible at some future time or on the death of the present District Head (DH) to amalgamate this district with some other.
8 village area heads (VAHs) as regrouped Sep. 1917.
Akambi lineAudu Salami
Amodu (only recently put in; and no particular family claim)
Population of all: 5,100
Proposed salaryVillage Area (VA)Original headTaxNotes
₤15 AkambiAkambi, slave of ₤173
₤15 OkpoloKoro (favourite of₤180Joined with
Emir Audu Salami)Akambi under
Balogun Alanamu but
later by Mr Duff
₤18IlotaDurosini (Yoruba₤187vide supra
chief, scattered, but
reinstated by Audu
₤24 MagajiMamudu son of₤258v supra
Abudu, 2nd Baba
₤24KulendiJobo (relation of₤106Put under Akambi
Usumanu, 1st by McAllister
₤6(a) Tankeh₤78The only sub Unit in
whole district. Others
are all original units
₤6KangileKangile slave of Ali,₤54Put under Akambi by
1st Balogun GambariMcAllister
₤12Karkaravide notes₤96v supra: no original head. Gogurumo made District Head under Dwyer but on
deposition of his successor M. Giwa, office lapsed & Bale of Tegbesin put in
Good example of difficulty in amalgamating into districts without formation of sub-districts.
Present district consisted originally of 14 independent units. Dwyer amalgamated Efue & Igbogun with Berkodo & Barla with Owode & the 8 villages immediately following Afon with Afon; afterwards he amalgamated Berkodo with Owode. McAllister amalgamated Berkodo (including Owode) with Afon.
Berkodo & Owode should be parted [?] thus forming 1 district instead of 2 sub-districts (SDs).
Efue & Igbogun should remain under Berkodo as they are cut off by Owode from Afon. The Emir wishes Berkodo & Owode to be taken out of this District again thus doing away with the SD.
Afon District: 19 VAHs as regrouped.
Afon lineOwode lineBerkodo
Bal. Usumanu (1)Ajia Omo IjeshaAmodu (Sarkin Dogarai)
Bal. Zubeiru (2)Abdul KadiriMohamadu (Sarkin Dogarai)
Dasuki (but no familyBraimah
connection with the District
Population of all: 20,074
Proposed salaryVillage AreaOriginal HeadNotes
₤12AfonMomodu followerReg: Emir Shita
of Magaji Gari
follower of Balogun
₤9Odo-OdeMofoluku followerv supra
of Garuba, 3rd
₤24Osin AremuAremu follower ofv supra
₤18OjokuOgunolaReg: Emir Shita to
whom he did homage,
& put under Abubakr,
son of Alimi
₤24OgeleAbdulahi slave of
₤15LadubaKontan follower ofReg: Emir Shita
Garuba, 3rd Balogun
₤24Ila OkeShikunbi by fealty tov supra
Usumanu, 1st Balogun
₤18Oko ErinErin slave of Emir Shita
₤18OwodeAjia Ijesha slave of Emir
₤9BarlaSanda follower of Reg: Emir Zubeiru
Balogun AlanamuPut under Owode by
₤6BerkodoAmodu (Sarkin Dogarai)Reg: Audu Salami
EfueOtu slave of Afin, Head ofReg: Audu Salami
IgbogunIgbogun slave of Emir
This district has one SD, namely Oke Oyo, consisting of Oke Oye, Oke Ose, Moya & Ileapa: this was made by Dwyer, Salau, a slave, being made sub District Head (SDH). Emir wishes this sub district to be done away with, but difficult—what to do with Salau. It is suggested that he be taken away from headship of the SD until he dies or can be found another job. His family has no rights.
8 village area heads as regrouped Sep 1917
Awudu (2) Morafa (3) Alhasan (4)
Whole population: 23,316
TaxVillage AreaOriginal HeadNotes
₤286-16-0IgporinAllah SarikiRights in this land
slave of Bako,surrendered to Emir
1st Sarkin GambariShita, who wanted it for
₤461-15-0ApadoBako, 1st SarkinHamlet called Kure was
GambariBako’s seat: DH now lives
₤743-10-0(c)Oke OyeSalau put in as SDH by
Given by Ali, 2nd
₤272-10-0Ile-ApaWarri follower of
(1)Lanwa District proper i.e. all [the way?] down to Ejidogari. Amongst these, Zaki had been put under Adio, Zaki will now be taken away again from Adio & thus form 2 villages, which is historically correct, doing away with the Adio SD.
(2)Ejidogari, properly a district, was amalgamated to Lanwa by McAllister. Within Ejidogari is the sub district of Ariori, made by Dwyer of Ariori, Amu, Babadudu and Okutala; this SD will be done away with, Ariori being put naturally under Ejidogari & Ama, Babadudu & Okutala following Ejidogari direct. SDH to draw salary till he can be found another job.
(3)If the Emir’s wish is carried out of remaking into 2 districts, Lanwa & Ejidogari, there will be no SDs.
Lanwa 27 VAHs as regrouped
Population [of Lanwa to Zaki VAs] 17,185
TaxVillage AreaOriginal HeadNotes
₤434-5-0LanwaAdendelu slaveLanwa comprises all of
of Emir Shitathe following, (a) to (j).
thus subdivided for fixed
salary purposes. The
respective Bales are rather
as a staff to Adendelu than as
separate VA heads.
Holding of Balogun Fulani.
₤109-15-0(a)AmaFirst authentic salga-makers
in these parts.
₤94-0-0(b)Bode SaduBode Sadu was a caravan
camp. Bode = Toll gate
₤99-10(e)Biri-biriHunterman put here to escort
caravans to Bode Sadu, as
against Kontagora raiders.
Hence this settlement
nephew of Emir
₤227-10AdioAlfa Sadiku slave to
₤53-10ZakiAlfa Zaki scribe toPreviously misplaced under
₤345Ejidogari Umoru SandaUmoru gave the land to Eji
[population—ofnephew of Emirslave of Sarkin Dogarai,
all the followingAudu Salamiafterwards exiled by Dwyer
VAs—18,171](a jealous Hausa farmer)
(Remarks on Lanwa grouping
are applicable to Ejidogari)
₤53(b)Abike 1. [?]
₤179(k)ArioreOriginal holder a Hausa slave
₤100AmuAlegi son of Emir
₤121 [₤171?]BabaduduBalogun Ali, 2nd
₤159OkutalaMagaji Akiali slave of
Under Oloru there are 4 SDs—Oloru, Shao, Adio & Agodi. Oloru will remain forming part of the District. Under Shao was amalgamated by Dwyer Yeki & Asbomu; the SDH has just been imprisoned & therefore this fact does away with the SD, Yeke & Asbomu following the DH direct. In same way the SD of Agodi made by Dwyer consisting of Ogodi (Olomi[?]), Abuyanrin, Oroyewun, Alagbede & Yowere will be done away with, all following DH Oloru; the SDH is of the same family as the DH. Adio will remain as a SD for the time being.
Population of all: 15,450
TaxVillage AreaOriginal HeadNotes
₤343OloruBalogun Ali, 2nd Presented by Balogun
Balogun GambariAli to his slave
₤58AdioAsaju slave of Emir Shita
₤236ShaoAjia Ati Kekere slave of Emir Shita
as now arranged consists of (a) Paiye (b) Malete
There are properly 2 districts but they were joined together by McAllister. Seems to be no way of getting rid of the SD of Malete; family of the Basambo have the rights in the land & cannot be made to give them up.
Present DH Moma Jima (family of follower of Balogun Ajikobi.
Population [of all?] 1113
₤124PaiyeAmodu Beki followerM Jima DH
of Buari 3rd Balogunfollower of Balogun
AjikobiAjikobi put in by
₤60MaleteAliu Isola follower of
Abubakr, 1st Basambo
(Emir’s own family)
consists of 4 SDs all very small—Oniri & 2 villages; Alapa & 1 village; Fata & 1 village; and Awa & 1 village. Of these the family of Fata has disappeared & the SD is done away with. The SDs of Alapa & Awe are so small that the heads are now treated as village heads.
9 VA Heads
Abdul Kadiri (2) Saliu (3) Braimah (4)
Belo (5)Audu Salam (6) Dan Saliu (8) Aliu (7)
List of fief holds under filani tenure
DonorTerritoryTo Whom GivenDescription
Emir A Salami1.OkemirinAbdulkadiriNephew
2.GamaMagaji ArreIlorin chief
9.FataKaye Mogaji OgidiWarrior
Emir Shita1.ShaoAjia AtikekereSlave
Emir Zubairu1.OwodeAjia IjeshaSlave
Sarkin Gambari1.IgporinBako1st Sarkin Gambari
4.Oke OraAjia Opele Follower
Oloro Original head
Elisiye Original head
6.AgbandaKure Amoda Follower
Alakpa Original head 7.KangileKangileSlave
Balogun Ajikobi1.AlapaLawani GiwaFollower
Balogun Fulani1.Ila OkeShekunbiYoruba
Baba Isale1.Osin AremuAremuFollower
memo 829/1917/20 Ilorin, 18 October 1922
from Resident Ilorin Province to Secretary Northern Provinces Kaduna
re map illustrating fief hold tenure in Ilorin Province—
I find it indispensable as it enables one to put a finger at once on the Baba Kekere who is likely to be pulling the strings from Ilorin in any land dispute.
HBIV [?] Ag. Resident
[possibly H.B. Hermon-Hodge??]